Genome sequencing hides chromosome rearrangments -- which may be clinically very important.
In this age of genome sequencing, we can lose sight of the importance of how our genomes are distributed over 23 pairs of chromosomes. Rearrangements of the pairs are invisible to sequencing, because the correct amount of genetic material is present.
A recent genetic counseling session reminded me of a chromosomal quirk that flies completely under the radar of genome sequencing, yet if it turns up in two copies in a bunch of people who have sex, could actually begin a second human species, who have 22 pairs of chromosomes. (more…)